Often in all professions people have common problems while they write, here are few tips.

You can use comparative forms to compare two or more items:

  1. More/fewer/less+noun+than

Overall, more students sat examinations in science-related subject than in arts-related subjects.

  1. Adjectives of one syllabus: -er + than

A higher percentage of students gained top marks in mathematic than in chemistry.

  1. More/less+adjective of two or more syllabus+ than

Science-related subjects were more popular than arts-related subjects.

You can use superlative forms to compare one item with the remainder of the group:

  1. the most/least + adjective

The most popular subject was mathematics.

  1. Adjectives of more than one syllabus: -est

The highest percentage of students gaining top marks was in mathematics.

You can use as + adjective + as to express similarity: Art and design was nearly as popular as chemistry.

 Tip: use adverbs to make your comparisons more exact.

To emphasis a difference, you can use: many, much, far, and significantly.

Many more students sat examinations in science subjects.

Science-related subjects were much more popular than arts-related subjects.

For small difference you can use: slightly or nearly as… as.

The percentage of students gaining top marks in chemistry was slightly higher than the percentage of students gaining top marks in art and design.

Nearly as many students sat the art and design exam as did the chemistry exam.

Cause- and effect relationships can also be expressed using a number of different words and expression:

Because + dependant clause

Because mangrove swamps have been damaged, many unique species are now endangered many unique species are now endangered because mangrove swamps have been damaged.

Because + noun of phrase

Because of damage of mangrove swamps, many unique species are now endangered.

Due to

Many unique species are now endangered due to damage to mangrove swamps.

Therefore/consequently/as a result + clause

Mangrove swamps have been damaged; therefore, many unique species are now endangered.

So

Mangrove swamps have been damaged; so many unique species are now endangered.

So + that + clause

Mangrove swamps have been so damaged that many unique species are now endangered.

You are often required to express more than one point of view. You can use reporting verbs to do this. In English, there is a wide variety of preparing verbs, which can be used:

  1. To express beliefs: argue, assert, claim, insist, say.
  2. To show agreement: accept, acknowledge, admit, advocate, agree, concede, support
  3. To show disagreement: challenge, deny, disagree, dismiss, doubt, object, question, refute

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