• Abrogate: To repeal, cancel or annul an agreement
  • Abefance: The condition of an inheritance which has no present owner or a state of suspension.
  • Accomplice: A partner in a crime, a person who knowingly and voluntarily participates with another in a criminal activity.
  • Acquittal: A release, absolution or discharge of an obligation or liability. In criminal law the finding of not guilty.
  • Administrative agencies: Agencies created by the legislative branch of government to administer laws pertaining to specific areas such as taxes, transportation and labour.
  • Admiralty Law: Also, maritime law. That body of law relating to ships, shipping, marine commerce and navigation, transportation of persons or property by sea, etc.
  • Admissible Evidence: Evidence that can be legally and properly introduced in a civil or criminal trial.
  • Adverse Possession: Method of acquiring real property under certain conditions by possession for a statutory period.
  • Allegation: A statement of the issues in a written document (a pleading) which a person is prepared to prove in court.
  • Alternative Dispute Resolution: Settling a dispute without a full, formal trial. Methods include meditation, conciliation, arbitration and settlement, among others.
  • Appeal: A proceeding brought to a higher court to review a lower court decision.
  • Appeal Bond: A guarantee by the appealing party to suit either in person or through an attorney.
  • Arbitration: The hearing of a dispute by an impartial third person or person (chosen by the parties), whose award the parties agree to accept.
  • Appearance: The act of coming into court as a party to a suit either in person or through an attorney.
  • Arbitrator: A private, disinterested person chosen by the parties in arbitration to hear evidence concerning the dispute and to make an award based on the evidence.
  • Arrest: To take into custody by legal authority.
  • Assault: Threat to inflict injury with an apparent ability to do so. Also, any intentional display of force that would give the victim reason to fear or expert immediate bodily harm.
  • Assumption of Risk: A doctrine under which a person may not recover for an injury received when he has voluntarily exposed himself to a known danger.
  • Bail: Money or other security (such as a bail bond) provided to the court to temporarily allow a person’s release from Jail and assure their appearance in court. ‘bail’ and ‘bond’ are often used interchangeably. Applies mainly to state courts.)
  • Bail Bond: An obligation signed by the accused to secure his or her presence at the trail. This obligation means that the accused may lose money by not properly appearing for the trail often referred to simply as ‘bond’.
  • Bailee: Person who accepts property through a contract of bailment, from a Bailor and who has certain denties of care while the property remains in this possession.
  • Bar: 1. Historically, the partition separating the general public from the space occupied by the judges, lawyers and other participants in a trail. 2. More commonly, the term means the who body of lawyers.
  • Bar Examination: A state examination taken by prospective lawyer in order to be admitted and licensed to practice law.
  • Bench: The seat occupied by the judge. More broadly, the court itself.
  • Bench Trail: (Also known as court trail.) Trail without a jury in which a judge decides the facts.
  • Bench Warrant: An order issued by a judge for the arrest of a person.
  • Beneficiary: Someone named to receive property of benefits in a will. In a trust, a person who is to receive benefits from the trust.
  • Best Evidence: Primary evidence; the best evidence available. Evidence short of this is ‘secondary’. i.e. an original letter is ‘best evidence’, and a photocopy is ‘secondary evidence’.
  • Bill of particular: A statement of the details of the charge made against the defendant.
  • Bond: A written agreement by which a person insures he will pay a certain sum of money if he does not perform certain duties property.
  • Breach: The breaking or violating of a law, right, or duty, either by commission or omission. The failure of one part to carry out any condition of a contract.
  • Breach of contract: An unjustified failure to perform when performance is due.
  • Burglary: The act of illegal entry with the intent to steal.
  • Business Bankruptcy: A proceeding under the bankruptcy code filed by a business entity.
  • Bylaws: Rules or Laws adopted by an association or corporation to govern its actions.
  • Capital Crime: A crime punishable by death.
  • Complainant: The party who complains or sues; one who applies to the court for legal redress.
  • Complaint: The legal document that usually begins a civil lawsuit. It states that facts and identifies the action the court is asked to take, formal written charge that a person has committed a criminal offense.
  • Concurrent Sentences: Sentences for more than one crime that are to be served at the same time, rather than after the other.
  • Consecutive Sentences: Successive sentences, one beginning at the expiration of another, imposed against a person convicted of two or more violations.
  • Consumer Bankruptcy: A proceeding under the bankruptcy code field by an individual (or husband and wife) who is not in business.
  • Contempt of court: willful disobedience of a judge’s command or of an official court order.
  • Continuance: postponement of legal proceeding to a later date.
  • Contract: An agreement between two or more persons which creates an obligation to do or not to do a particular thing. A legally enforceable agreement

2 COMMENTS

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here